The first took place on 9 June 1907, between teams from Lycée Alaoui and Lycée Carnot (1–1). But football is not the only discipline to emerge. [91], Parts of this article (those related to the city's economy) need to be, Development under the French protectorate. [14] In the system of Roman roads for the Roman province of Africa, Tunis had the title of mutatio ("way station, resting place"). The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. Decolonization led to the exodus of some European minorities whose numbers dwindled every year. In the Ottoman period, four new gates were established: Bab Laassal, Bab Sidi Abdesselam, Bab El Bab Gorjani and Sidi Kacem. Elle est gérée par l'ambassade du Royaume-Uni à Tunis. After independence in 1956, Tunis consolidated its role as the capital, first with the establishment of a constitution stating that the Chamber of Deputies and the Presidency of the Republic must have their headquarters in Tunis and its suburbs. [85] In this context, major road infrastructure (bridges, interchanges, roads, etc..) was initiated in the late 1990s to decongest the main areas of the capital. [63] Ksar Mosque, also of the Hanafi rite, is located in front of Dar Hussein (Bab Menara) and was built in the 12th century. The climate can be divided into two major areas, the north, influenced by the Mediterranean, and the south, influenced by the Saharan desert. Tunis holds some of the most prestigious musical institutions in the country. This small independent kingdom picked up the threads of trade and commerce with other nations, and brought the region back to peace and prosperity.[19]. Revenues are generated by the proceeds of taxes on buildings and vacant lots, fees for the rental of municipal property, income from the operation of the public, advertising, and that the fact that the municipality has capital shares in some companies. [32] Five Japanese, two Colombians, and visitors from Italy, Poland, and Spain were among the dead. The architectural heritage is also omnipresent in the homes of individuals and small palace officials as well as in the palace of the sovereign of Kasbah. There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis (Catholic Church), Protestant churches, Evangelical Churches.[62]. The sun may still increase the temperature from 7 °C (45 °F) in the morning to 16 °C (61 °F) in the afternoon on average during the winter. The medina contains most of the major mosques in the capital which were built before the advent of the French protectorate. [73] After being closed for fifteen years, it was turned into a small theater in 1986, and since 2001 has housed the first Arab-African center for theater training and research. With the development of the capital under the reign of the Hafsids, two emerging suburbs grew outside the walls; Bab El Jazira in the south and Bab Souika to the north. [15] Under the Aghlabids, the people of Tunis revolted numerous times,[15] but the city benefited from economic improvements and quickly became the second most important in the kingdom. [27] The city expanded and created new boulevards and neighborhoods. The precipitation also greatly varies, as the north receives significantly more rainfall than the south. [11] Not surprisingly, their accounts of Carthage are extremely hostile; while there are a few Greek authors who took a favourable view, these works have been lost. The isthmus between them is what geologists call the "Tunis dome", which includes hills of limestone and sediments. The northern end supports the football club of Esperance Sportive de Tunis while at the other end is the rival Club Africain. The terrain in the north is mountainous, which, moving south, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. It was briefly the national capital, from the end of the reign of Ibrahim II in 902, until 909[17] when control over Ifriqiya was lost to the newly founded Fatimid Caliphate. Tunis is the transcription of the Arabic name تونس which can be pronounced as "Tūnus", "Tūnas", or "Tūnis". The city has, as of the beginning of the 21st century, a public transportation system developed under the management of the Société des transports de Tunis (STT). Tunisia - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts and greenhouse gas emissions in Tunisia. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. In summer, rain is almost completely absent and the sunlight is at a maximum. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years. After World War II, suburbs began to rapidly spring up on the outskirts of Tunis. Many protests took place during the Arab Spring of 2011–12. In 1964 the Dar Ben Abdallah, a palace probably dating back to the 18th century, became the seat of the capital's Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions. Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack. These form a large percentage of the population of the Tunis metropolitan area. [76]. Only the Bey of Tunis refused to comply, with the result that Blake's fifteen ships attacked the Bey's arsenal at Porto Farina (Ghar el Melh), destroying nine Algerian ships and two shore batteries, the first time in naval warfare that shore batteries had been eliminated without landing men ashore. [59] Clothing merchants, perfumers, fruit sellers, booksellers and wool merchants have goods at the souks, while fishmongers, blacksmiths and potters tend to be relegated to the periphery of the markets.[59]. Tunis has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa),[37] characterized by hot and dry, prolonged summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. The capital is home to a large number of mosques in various architectural styles, signs of construction of their respective eras. Hammouda Bey faced bombardment by the Venetian fleet, and the city experienced a rebellion in 1811. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. At the periphery are the souks Et Trouk, El Blat, El Blaghgia, El Kébabgia, En Nhas (copper), Es Sabbaghine (dyeing) and El Grana that sell clothing and blankets and was occupied by Jewish merchants. The area became the capital of a powerful kingdom during the Hafsid era, and was considered a religious and intellectual home and economic center for the Middle East, Africa and Europe. The important transport authorities are the Société des Transports de Tunis (STT)[80] and the Ministry of Transport (Airports) The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. The Carthage Film Festival is the oldest established film festival in Africa, running biennially until 2014 and annually thereafter. [84] In the 21st Century, the port of Tunis underwent further transformation with a marina as part of the redevelopment district of La Petite Sicile. The Museum of the National Movement is situated in Dar Maâkal Az-Zaïm, which was the residence of nationalist Habib Bourguiba for the entirety of the fight for independence. The Medina also has a social sectorization: with the neighborhood of Tourbet el Bey and the Kasbah district being aristocratic, with a population of judges and politicians, while the streets of Pacha often being military and bourgeois. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. In his travel account, when Ibn Battuta and his group arrived in Tunis, the population of the city came out to meet him and the other the members of his party. [63] The Saheb Ettabaâ Mosque, built between 1808 and 1814 was the last mosque built by the Tunis Husseinites before the French occupation. [78] The library moved to its current location on Boulevard 9 April in 1938. A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. [82] Among other projects are a line to the city of Ennasr (8.4 km) and the extension of the Tunis-Ettadhamen to Mnihla (1.7 km). From the early days of its founding, Tunis has been considered an important military base. The main and oldest of them, is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, founded in 698 and built in 732 and is in the heart of the Medina. Habib Thameur garden in Tunis has a central pond and flower beds. In addition to some 200 bus routes, the first light rail line opened in 1985. [72] The National School of Circus Arts was founded following a meeting between the Director of the National Theater and the Director General of the National Center for Arts of Châlons-en-Champagne (France) in 1998. [55] There is much diversification in the municipality of Tunis, with Durum grown in Manouba, Olives and olive oil in Ariana and Mornag, wine (Mornag), and fruit, vegetable and legumes are grown in all regions.[56]. [7], The historical study of Carthage is problematic. To the west of the park lies the district of El Omrane which holds the main Muslim cemetery in the capital and the warehouses of public transport. In Tunis, the summers are short, hot, humid, dry, and clear and the winters are long, cold, windy, and partly cloudy. Tunis and its suburbs have many of the major Tunisian universities including the University of Tunis, Tunisia Private University, University of Ez-Zitouna, the University of Tunis – El Manar, the University of Carthage and the Manouba University. It worked on promoting Arab music, on music education and training, and on cooperation with various partners both in Tunisia and abroad. Founded in 698 is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the surrounding area which developed throughout the Middle Ages,[57] dividing Tunis into a main town in two suburbs, in the north (Bab Souika) and the south (Bab El Jazira). During World War II, Tunis was held by Axis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. The climate of the country, similar to the topography, is greatly varied. The city is mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana as Thuni. Walls were built to protect the emerging principal town of the kingdom, surrounding the medina, the kasbah and the new suburbs of Tunis. The ancient city of Carthage is located just north of Tunis along the coastal part. سيدي بوسعيد, © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Tunis Weather by month // weather averages. The city of Tunis is built on a hill slope down to the lake of Tunis. In addition, groundwater is easily accessible through the drilling of deep wells, providing water for the different agriculture crops. [15] The Almohad conquest marked the beginning of the dominance of the city in Tunisia. In spring, rainfall declines by half. Under Articles 43 and 24 of the Constitution of 1959,[46] Tunis and its suburbs host the national institutions: the Presidential Palace, which is known as Carthage Palace, residence of the President of Tunisia, the Chamber of Deputies and the Chamber of Advisors and parliament, the Constitutional Council and the main judicial institutions and public bodies. The Station ID for Tunis Carthage is 11515111. Since national independence, the government of Tunisia has encouraged tourism projects and resorts in the Saharan region. In April 1655 the English admiral Robert Blake was sent to the Mediterranean to extract compensation from states that had been attacking English shipping. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. Tunis is the heartland of the Tunisian economy and is the industrial and economic hub of the country, home to one third of Tunisian companies—including almost all the head offices of companies with more than fifty employees, with the exception of the Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa, headquartered in Gafsa—and produces a third of the national gross domestic product. It forms a natural bridge and since ancient times several major roads linking to Egypt and elsewhere in Tunisia have branched out from it. Among the places of worship are Beit Yaacouv Synagogue and especially the Great Synagogue of Tunis, built at the end of the 1940s to replace the former Great Synagogue which was demolished as part of the Jewish redevelopment area, the Hara. However, urban growth, which is estimated to be increasing by 500 hectares per year, is gradually changing the landscape with urban sprawl. [86] The main roads to other Tunisian cities include: Autoroute A1, Tunis-Sfax; Autoroute A3, Tunis-Oued Zarga; and Autoroute A4, Tunis-Bizerte. During each "cultural season" (from October 1 to 30 June) the theater holds over 80 events. Profits obtained from the trade in Christian slaves allowed the rulers to build sumptuous structures that revived the architectural heritage of the Middle Ages.[15]. Back to overview: Tunisia. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. « Grand Prix historique de Tunis : un rendez-vous magique », Statistiques du sport en Tunisie (Ministère de la jeunesse, des sports et de l'éducation physique), "أخبار تونس: آخر الأخبار الوطنية والجهوية على راديو موزاييك", Coopération internationale (Municipalité de Tunis), "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", The Municipality of Tunis official website, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tunis&oldid=996450452, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Tunisia, Populated places established in the 2nd millennium BC, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:07. Housed in a former home of a Hafsid scholar, the library of the Khaldounia was founded in 1896 along with the creation of the educational institution. The Grand Prix of Tunis has re-emerged since 2000. Some of the fortifications around it have now largely disappeared, and it is flanked by the two suburbs of Bab Souika to the north and Bab El Jazira to the south. In autumn, it begins to rain, often with short thunderstorms, which can sometimes cause flash floods or even flood some parts of the city. Some of the meteorological variables that are commonly measured are temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, and precipitation. Nidaa Tounes came second with 17 seats. It is still surrounded with farmland and vegetables are grown which supply many of the souks in the region. The city is the largest financial center in the country hosting the headquarters of 65% of financial companies – while the industrial sectors are gradually declining in importance. Football made its appearance in the capital on 15 September 1904, followed by the formal creation of the country's first league, the Racing Club Tunis, on 11 May 1905. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. On the stage of this theater, many performances are regularly given by Tunisian, Arabic and international actors. Practicing the Hanafi rite since 1584, it is recognisable mainly by the dome as well as its minaret, similar to the Koutoubia in Marrakesh and is the highest in the city. [79], Built in the 17th century, the Dar Ben Achour also contains a library. Bab El Bhar located 7 metres (23 feet) above sea level, Hammouda Pasha Mosque in El Kasbah is located 23 metres (75 feet) above sea level. The soils are heavy and contain limestone in the north but are lighter and sandy containing clay in the south. But east of the original nucleus, first with the construction of the French Consulate, the modern city was built gradually with the introduction of the French protectorate at the end of the 19th century, on open land between the city and the lake. In the middle there is a square where the former slave market stood until the middle of the 19th century. It is now the subject of a redevelopment project including the construction of twin towers. The best time of year to visit Medenine in Tunisia. The 2005 World Championship final for men in team handball was played in Tunis. In 1159, the Almohad 'Abd al-Mu'min took Tunis, overthrew the last Khurasanid leader and installed a new government in the kasbah of Tunis. temperatures, humidity and precipation. [52] However the secondary industry is still very represented and Tunis hosts 85% of industrial establishments in the four governorates, with a trend towards the spread of specialized industrial zones in the suburbs. The Musical Troupe of the City of Tunis was created in 1954 by Salah El Mahdi. USAID staff and other development practitioners may find this information useful for climate risk management and for considering the linkages between climate change and development. North of the Al-Zaytuna Mosque is the Souk El Attarine, built in the early 18th century. Beyond that, several kilometers north-east, on the road to La Marsa, the Berges du Lac was built on land reclaimed from the north shore of the lake near the airport, which has holds offices of Tunisian and foreign companies, many embassies as well as shops. In addition, a series of satellite cities emerged on the urban rim and encroached on the municipality of Tunis proper. Annual Weather Averages Near Tunis. Climate information about Tunis including avg. In the north the rainy season lasts from October to May, with average annual rainfall of 600 mm, with peaks of about 1,000-1,500 mm in the Kroumirie mountains. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east In 1993, it also took possession of the former movie theater Le Paris, with a 350-person seating capacity. [73] One should also note the El Teatro and Étoile du Nord theater groups. The roads also connect with Carthage, emphasising its political and economic importance not only in Tunisia but more widely in North Africa and the Mediterranean Sea in ancient times. Acquired in the late 1970s by the municipality of Tunis, the house was restored in 1983 into a library.[78]. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as "Grand Tunis", has about 2,700,000 inhabitants.

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